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The 108 Defilements of Buddhism

I created this page to help me and my readers explore the meaning of the 108 defilements mentioned in buddhist literature. Due to my studies with the virtues and vices (check out my free ebook: "Inner Medicine") it seemed to me that the 108 might not be arbitary but perhaps had an inner logic reflecting reality. If you have any information regarding them then please let me know. Also if you have a website that deals with the 108 defilements let me know and I will put it up here.

ostentatiousnessgrudgegamblingingratitude
dipsomaniaambitiondominancefaithlessness
manipulationstinginesspessimismhostility
abusedebasementsexual lustsarcasm
humiliationjealousygluttonyunruliness
hurtcrueltyunkindnesslaziness
envyindifferencenegativityfurtiveness
sadismenviousnessderisionfalseness
high-handednessknow-it-allrageaggression
rapacityeffronterydisrespectfulnesshard-heartedness
eagerness for powerlyinginsidiousnessself-denial
inattentivenesscontemptwrathhaughtiness
greed for moneyseducementvindictivenessinsatiability
voluptuousnessexcessivenesscensoriousnessdissatisfaction
egoismignorancehatredgreed
impudenceimposturecursingimperiousness
lecherousnesscallousnessmalignancytorment
intoleranceblasphemyshamelessnessirresponsibility
obsessionprejudicearroganceviolent temper
garrulitydogmatism presumptionintransigence
oppressionprodigalitylack of comprehensionobstinacy
prideconceitednessdelusionquarrelsomeness
self-hatredviolencevanityhypocrisy
stubbornnessbasenesspretencemercilessness
disrespectridiculemasochismtyranny
capriciousnessdeceitangerdiscord
calculationunyieldingdesire for famedeception

Credit for the above list to the creator: Stefan Laug
silent-light.de/projects/DIE_108_VERGEHEN.html

Links about the 108 Defilements
seinenkai.com/articles/108.html Christian orientated look at the virtues. Fresh and original ideas.
fengshui.co.uk/NineStarKiAstrology.htm (site down?) Are the 108 permutations in Nine star ki astrology connected with the 108 defilements?
Purifymind.com.. 108 feelings
www.tientai.netThe 108 Kinds of Emotional Desires (Klesas)


You are here: Index location Character Improvement location The 108 Defilements of Buddhism
Results for buddhist ethics

Buddhist Ethics
by Venerable Hammalawa SaddhatissaSearch for Venerable Hammalawa Saddhatissa
$14.95
$1.98 new/used

"For more than a quarter of a century, those in search of an introduction to Buddhist moral thought have turned and returned to this little volume..." Thus notes Charles Hallisey of Harvard University in his introduction. Starting with an examination of classical Greek notions of ethics, Venerable Saddhatissa goes on to explain the development of Buddhist moral codes and their practical application. In this work, Venerable Saddhatissa starts with an examination of Western notions of ethics, beginning with the early Greek philosophers and moving on to show us how the study of morality is crucial to a clear understanding of the Buddhist tradition. Drawing on a vast array of Buddhist scriptures, Venerable Saddhatissa explains the development and position of Buddhist precepts from a traditional perspective, while simultaneously offering clear and practical advice on how best to live the moral life of a lay Buddhist practitioner. Throughout Buddhist Ethics, Venerable Saddhatissa always keeps us in touch with the pragmatic uses of Buddhist moral practices, not only as a way to live in harmony with the world, but as an indispensable aspect of the path to the Buddhist's highest spiritual goal.
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Buddhist Ethics: A Very Short Introduction
by Damien KeownSearch for Damien Keown
$11.95
$1.32 new/used

The latter half of the twentieth century witnessed a growing interest in Buddhism, and it continues to capture the imagination of many in the West who see it as either an alternative or a supplement to their own religious beliefs. Numerous introductory books have appeared in recent years to cater to this growing interest, but almost none devotes attention to the specifically ethical dimensions of the tradition. For various complex cultural and historical reasons, ethics has not received as much attention in traditional Buddhist thought as it has in the West. Written by Damien Keown, one of the few experts worldwide who specializes in the area, Buddhist Ethics illustrates how Buddhism might approach a range of contemporary moral issues, ranging from abortion to euthanasia, sexuality to cloning, and even war and economics.

About the Series: Combining authority with wit, accessibility, and style, Very Short Introductions offer an introduction to some of life's most interesting topics. Written by experts for the newcomer, they demonstrate the finest contemporary thinking about the central problems and issues in hundreds of key topics, from philosophy to Freud, quantum theory to Islam.
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An Introduction to Buddhist Ethics: Foundations, Values and Issues (Introduction to Religion)
by Peter HarveySearch for Peter Harvey
$34.99
$21.98 new/used

This systematic introduction to Buddhist ethics is aimed at anyone interested in Buddhism, including students, scholars and general readers. Peter Harvey is the author of the acclaimed Introduction to Buddhism (Cambridge, 1990), and his new book is written in a clear style, assuming no prior knowledge. At the same time it develops a careful, probing analysis of the nature and practical dynamics of Buddhist ethics in both its unifying themes and in the particularities of different Buddhist traditions. The book applies Buddhist ethics to a range of issues of contemporary concern: humanity's relationship with the rest of nature; economics; war and peace; euthanasia; abortion; the status of women; and homosexuality. Professor Harvey draws on texts of the main Buddhist traditions, and on historical and contemporary accounts of the behaviour of Buddhists, to describe existing Buddhist ethics, to assess different views within it, and to extend its application into new areas.
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The Nature of Buddhist Ethics
by Damien KeownSearch for Damien Keown
$45.00
$31.99 new/used

Damien Keown examines early and later schools of Buddhism to provide a comprehensive account of the structure of Buddhist ethics. The importance of ethics in the Buddha's teachings is widely acknowledged, but the pursuit of ethical ideals has up to now been widely held to be secondary to the attainment of knowledge. Drawing on the Aristotelian tradition of ethics, Keown argues against this intellectualization of Buddhism and in favor of a new understanding of the tradition in terms of which ethics plays a central role.

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Being Good: Buddhist Ethics for Everyday Life
by Hsing YunSearch for Hsing Yun

Consequences of Compassion: An Interpretation and Defense of Buddhist Ethics
by Charles GoodmanSearch for Charles Goodman
$29.95
$24.41 new/used

To many Westerners, the most appealing teachings of the Buddhist tradition pertain to ethics. Many readers have drawn inspiration from Buddhism's emphasis on compassion, nonviolence, and tolerance, its concern for animals, and its models of virtue and self-cultivation. There has been, however, controversy and confusion about which Western ethical theories resemble Buddhist views and in what respects. In this book, Charles Goodman illuminates the relations between Buddhist concepts and Western ethical theories. Every version of Buddhist ethics, says Goodman, takes the welfare of sentient beings to be the only source of moral obligations. Buddhist ethics can thus be said to be based on compassion in the sense of a motivation to pursue the welfare of others. On this interpretation, the fundamental basis of the various forms of Buddhist ethics is the same as that of the welfarist members of the family of ethical theories that analytic philosophers call 'consequentialism.' Goodman uses this hypothesis to illuminate a variety of questions. He examines the three types of compassion practiced in Buddhism and argues for their implications for important issues in applied ethics, especially the justification of punishment and the question of equality.
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Buddhist Moral Philosophy: An Introduction
by Christopher W. GowansSearch for Christopher W. Gowans
$44.95
$31.00 new/used

The first book of its kind, Buddhist Moral Philosophy: An Introduction introduces the reader to contemporary philosophical interpretations and analyses of Buddhist ethics. It begins with a survey of traditional Buddhist ethical thought and practice, mainly in the Pali Canon and early Mah?y?na schools, and an account of the emergence of Buddhist moral philosophy as a distinct discipline in the modern world. It then examines recent debates about karma, rebirth and nirvana, well-being, normative ethics, moral objectivity, moral psychology, and the issue of freedom, responsibility and determinism. The book also introduces the reader to philosophical discussions of topics in socially engaged Buddhism such as human rights, war and peace, and environmental ethics.


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The Treasury of Knowledge: Book 5: Buddhist Ethics (v. 5)
by Jamgon KongtrulSearch for Jamgon Kongtrul
$39.95
$16.97 new/used

In Tibetan religious literature, Jamgön Kongtrül's Treasury of Knowledge in ten books stands out as a unique, encyclopedic masterpiece embodying the entire range of Buddhist teachings as it was preserved in Tibet. This volume is the fifth book of that work and is considered by many scholars to be its heart. Jamgön Kongtrül explains the complete code of personal liberation as it applies to both monastic and lay persons, the precepts for those aspiring to the life of a bodhisattva, and the exceptional pledges for practitioners on the tantric path of pure perception.
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The Mind of Clover: Essays in Zen Buddhist Ethics
by Robert AitkenSearch for Robert Aitken
$19.00
$10.86 new/used

In Taking the Path of Zen, Robert Aitken provided a concise guide to zazen (Zen meditation) and other aspects of the practice of Zen. In The Mind of Clover he addresses the world beyond the zazen cushions, illuminating issues of appropriate personal and social action through an exploration of the philosophical complexities of Zen ethics.

Aitken's approach is clear and sure as he shows how our minds can be as nurturing as clover, which enriches the soil and benefits the environment as it grows. The opening chapters discuss the Ten Grave Precepts of Zen, which, Aitken points out, are "not commandments etched in stone but expressions of inspiration written in something more fluid than water." Aitken approaches these precepts, the core of Zen ethics, from several perspectives, offering many layers of interpretation. Like ripples in a pond, the circles of his interpretation increasingly widen, and he expands his focus to confront corporate theft and oppression, the role of women in Zen and society, abortion, nuclear war, pollution of the environment, and other concerns.

The Mind of Clover champions the cause of personal responsibility in modern society, encouraging nonviolent activism based on clear convictions. It is a guide that engages, that invites us to realize our own potential for confident and responsible action.

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A New Buddhist Path: Enlightenment, Evolution, and Ethics in the Modern World
by David R. LoySearch for David R. Loy
$16.95
$6.51 new/used

Engage with a new vision of Buddhism and the modern world with the bestselling author of Money Sex War Karma: Notes for a Buddhist Revolution.

David R. Loy addresses head-on the most pressing issues of Buddhist philosophy in our time. What is the meaning of enlightenment--is it an escape from the world, or is it a form of psychological healing? How can one reconcile modern scientific theory with ancient religious teachings? What is our role in the universe?
Loy shows us that neither Buddhism nor secular society by itself is sufficient to answer these questions. Instead, he investigates the unexpected intersections of the two. Through this exchange, he uncovers a new Buddhist way, one that is faithful to the important traditions of Buddhism but compatible with modernity. This way, we can see the world as it is truly is, realize our indivisibility from it, and learn that the world's problems are our problems. This is a new path for a new world.
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